- Maintain stable and consistent sleep schedules, even on weekends
- Stay well hydrated with non-caffeinated beverages
- Avoid skipping or delaying meals
A healthy and varied diet filled with fresh fruits, vegetables, non-processed foods and the avoidance of skipping/missed meals is important. Regular exercise may also be an important component to a healthy lifestyle for migraineurs.
Stress has consistently been reported as the most common trigger for migraines (Peroutka, 2014). Many mind/body interventions specifically target stress, so may be ideal for headaches. The behavioral interventions of cognitive behavioral therapy, relaxation training, thermal biofeedback with relaxation, and electrographic (EMG) biofeedback have Grade A evidence for their benefit. Meditation, acupuncture, massage therapy, yoga, and tai chi are important mind/body treatment options. Aroma therapy, such as lavender, peppermint, eucalyptus, and chamomile are helpful for headaches.
Supplements that have been found beneficial:
– Riboflavin (vit B2) 400 mg a day
– Vitamin D3 800 IU a day
– Magnesium 600 mg a day (can also help with constipation)
Adapted from Arizona Center for Integrative Medicine – IMR – Family Medicine 2018